Brownell and Field Co.

also known as Autocrat Coffee

A part of the Provisions District met the wrecking ball in 2011. Owner of this and nearby buildings, The Providence Journal Company, used deferred maintenance as an excuse.

About this Property

#Reason for Demolition

On August 23, 2010, representatives from the Providence Journal Company, which owns the Brownell & Field Company building, went before the Historic District Commission (HDC) to request permission to demolish the building. The HDC tabled the discussion, asking for clarification of estimates provided for the cost of stabilization and requiring the owner to look more seriously into alternatives to demolition, like selling the building. The HDC is scheduled to take up this issue again at its next meeting in September.

Listed on PPS’s 2010 Ten Most Endangered Properties List, the Brownell & Field Company building was one of the few remaining historic structures of its kind in the Smith Hill neighborhood. The Providence Journal Company purchased the building in the mid-1980s for its land value and has since used the building for storage, though it has remained mostly empty.

On October 8, 2010, an unanimous ruling by the Historic District Commission approved for demolition. Preservationists had opposed destruction of the warehouse, saying its removal “would further erode the historic fabric of the city.” The commission agreed the building held historical importance tied to the city’s industrial past but said it was beyond repair. In a previous September 21 resolution, the commission said the three-story brick building represented a safety hazard that “cannot be eliminated by economic means available.” The hands of the Commission were tied on the matter, as there was not yet a way to enforce maintenance of a building to avoid the situation of demolition by neglect.

“This is definitely a clear case of demolition by neglect,” Preservation and Advocacy Coordinator [for The Providence Preservation Society] Kathleen Philp told Providence Business News. The advocacy group is exploring options to stop the demolition. It also has called on City Council to eliminate building disrepair as the result of neglect as a justification for tearing down a building.

#Current Events

As of summer 2020, the area where this building stood is a parking area for delivery vehicles. The former Standardized Liquor Company at 115 Harris Avenue is still standing.

#History

Company

From Autocrat.com

In 1895, when Autocrat was incorporated as the Brownell & Field Company, our founder, Frank O. Field, was planning the introduction of “the most delicious coffee you ever tasted.” While reading a series of essays in The Atlantic Monthly titled “The Autocrat of the Breakfast Table,” his attention was drawn to the word Autocrat, one who rules with undisputed sway. It was then that our flagship product, Autocrat Coffee, got its name.

Wholesale provisions companies constructed buildings in what was known as the Provisions Warehouse Historic District between 1894 and 1947. The Brownell and Field Company was a wholesale grocer who dealt in canned goods as well as coffee and tea. The company and the building were established in 1907.

From the “Industrial Sites and Commercial Buildings Survey (ICBS)” by PPS and the AIA, 2001-2002, hosted by ProvPlan.org (now defunct)

The Brownell & Field Building was constructed between 1895 and 1908 when it appears on the map of that year. The building is identified as Brownell & Field on early twentieth century maps, with shipping and receiving on the first floor, storage and canning on the second, and storage and coffee roasting occurring on the third floor of the original block. The 1919 Sanborn map shows only the trapezoidal, westernmost block. The property was acquired by the Field Land Company in 1908, possibly when the building was constructed. The 1950 directory lists Brownell & Field, wholesale grocers, and Carter Rice & Co., paper dealers, at this address. The property remained under the ownership of the Field Land Company until 1981 when it was purchased by Autocrat, Inc.

Architecture

If seen from the air, many of the buildings in this district — including this one — were built on an angle plan instead of a straight box plan — hence the “lozenge-shape” description. This was due to the way that rail lines curved off of Harris Avenue in “spurs” for loading and unloading. Rail lines could not make a sharp corner to meet a building at a 90° angle easily, so the building were built to meet the rail lines. The aerial from 1939 makes this more apparent than it might be today, as ghosts of some of the newly removed rail lines can still be seen. It was because of some of these removals that the adjacent building at 115 Harris Avenue was built.

From the Provisions Warehouse Historic District nomination form, 1994

The Brownell & Field Company Building (1907) at 119 Harris Avenue, was the first building added to the [Provisions Warehouse District that was built] in the twentieth century. It is a three-story brown brick building with a stone foundation. The Harris Avenue facade is symmetrical with a central arched entrance accentuated by decorative brickwork. Five granite stairs lead to the entrance door. The window openings are topped by segmental-arch lintels partially covered by modern awnings at the first and second stories. Small, paired, I-over-I sash define the third story, and an overhanging cornice tops the roof line. The west wall rises a few feet above the roofs height. Some machinery for the storage and processing of coffee and tea and for filtering exhaust from the facility are located on the roof. A single rail spur ran along the rear elevation, with a recessed platform for pick-up of goods on the west elevation.

From the “Industrial Sites and Commercial Buildings Survey (ICBS)” by PPS and the AIA, 2001-2002, hosted by ProvPlan.org (now defunct)

It is three-story, flat-roof, lozenge-shaped, brick industrial building with close proximity to the railroad tracks. The western half of the building was constructed first and features a centrally located pedestrian entrance on the façade (south) set within a recessed, round-arch opening; this entrance has been blocked in. A secondary pedestrian entrance is offset on the façade, within a segmental-arch, recessed opening. A wide vehicular entrance is located on the west elevation. Brick piers articulate each bay of the building. Fenestration consists of segmental-arch openings with paired 1/1 and 4/4 sash set below fixed transoms and granite sills. Metal louvered shades have been added to the windows.

An historic view of the building shows that windows were 4/4 sash and a sign reading: “Brownell & Field Co. Wholesale Grocers Tea and Coffee” spanned the cornice line. A smaller sign reading: “Brownell & Field Co. Office and Showroom” spanned the front entrance. A large metal smokestack and two brick chimneys rise from the east end of the building.